Html Code For Beginners


 

Html Code For Beginners

 

Hi there this article is all about “Html Code For Beginners” & “How it works” ?

So, First thing first is that “What is HTML”?

Hyper Text Markup Language [HTML] is used to describe the structure of a web pages. It consist on Tags / Elements and Attributes. To write a HTML code you have to first start with less than sign < your tag then greater then sign > and for closing you have to use the backslash / like </your tag>

for example : <some tag> your data here </some tag>

I am not gona discuss or decribe the brief history of HTML here, for the brief intro please check HTML History. There are versions of HTML and it changes time to time. In this articles we will discuss only version 4 and version 5 also know as HTML5 [ popular nowadays ].

There is not alot of difference in HTML4 and HTML5. HTML5 contain some advance tags and remove / depreciate some of the old HTML4 tags. I will try to provide the complete list of the HTML5 tags at the end of the article.

So, here comes a question “How we know that which one HTML4 or HTML5”?

There are couple of way to test the markup you write, and two [popular] of them is the HTML markup validator, and the declaration of the language.

Declaration of the HTML mean that you have to declare at the top of the page that the page should pretend either HTML4 or HTML5 on the browser.

Now here comes another question “How to declare it”?

Simply type the Document Type on the top of the page like:

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC “-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN” “http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd”>   “This is used for HTML4”

<!DOCTYPE html>    “This is used for HTML5″

Now second part is That ” How it works”?

As i already mention above that HTML consist on Tags and Attributes.

An HTML page always start with the HTML tag like: <html>  then </html>.

There might also be a head section to define the page Title, styling, and for some other stuff. Also to add the contents to your page you have to write the contents in the body section of a webpage like:

<html>

<head>

<title>

page title here

</title>

</head>

<body>

your contents

</body>

</html>

Below is a list of Tags used in HTML / HTML5

Element / Tag                         Theory / Description

<!DOCTYPE>                       Defines the document type
<a>                                         Defines a hyperlink
<abbr>                                  Defines an abbreviation or an acronym
<acronym>                           Not supported in HTML5. Use <abbr> instead.Defines an acronym
<address>                             Defines contact information for the author/owner of a document
<applet>                               Not supported in HTML5. Use <embed> or <object> instead.Defines an embedded applet
<area>                                   Defines an area inside an image-map
<article>                                Defines an article
<aside>                                  Defines content aside from the page content
<audio>                                 Defines sound content
<b>                                         Defines bold text
<base>                                   Specifies the base URL/target for all relative URLs in a document
<basefont>                            Not supported in HTML5. Use CSS instead. Specifies a default color, size, and font for all text in a document
<bdi>                                      Isolates a part of text that might be formatted in a different direction from other text outside it
<bdo>                                     Overrides the current text direction
<big>                                      Not supported in HTML5. Use CSS instead. Defines big text
<blockquote>                       Defines a section that is quoted from another source
<body>                                   Defines the document’s body
<br>                                        Defines a single line break
<button>                                Defines a clickable button
<canvas>                                Used to draw graphics, on the fly, via scripting (usually JavaScript)
<caption>                              Defines a table caption
<center>                                 Not supported in HTML5. Use CSS instead. Defines centered text
<cite>                                      Defines the title of a work
<code>                                    Defines a piece of computer code

<!–…–>                                 Defines a comment
<col>                                       Specifies column properties for each column within a <colgroup> element
<colgroup>                            Specifies a group of one or more columns in a table for formatting
<datalist>                               Specifies a list of pre-defined options for input controls
<dd>                                        Defines a description/value of a term in a description list
<del>                                       Defines text that has been deleted from a document
<details>                                Defines additional details that the user can view or hide
<dfn>                                      Represents the defining instance of a term
<dialog>                                 Defines a dialog box or window
<dir>                                       Not supported in HTML5. Use <ul> instead. Defines a directory list
<div>                                       Defines a section in a document
<dl>                                         Defines a description list
<dt>                                        Defines a term/name in a description list
<em>                                      Defines emphasized text
<embed>                               Defines a container for an external (non-HTML) application
<fieldset>                             Groups related elements in a form
<figcaption>                        Defines a caption for a <figure> element
<figure>                               Specifies self-contained content
<font>                                  Not supported in HTML5. Use CSS instead. Defines font, color, and size for text
<footer>                              Defines a footer for a document or section
<form>                                Defines an HTML form for user input
<frame>                              Not supported in HTML5. Defines a window (a frame) in a frameset
<frameset>                         Not supported in HTML5. Defines a set of frames
<h1> to <h6>                     Defines HTML headings
<head>                                Defines information about the document
<header>                            Defines a header for a document or section
<hr>                                     Defines a thematic change in the content
<html>                                Defines the root of an HTML document
<i>                                        Defines a part of text in an alternate voice or mood
<iframe>                             Defines an inline frame
<img>                                  Defines an image
<input>                               Defines an input control
<ins>                                   Defines a text that has been inserted into a document
<kbd>                                  Defines keyboard input
<keygen>                            Defines a key-pair generator field (for forms)
<label>                                Defines a label for an <input> element
<legend>                             Defines a caption for a <fieldset> element
<li>                                       Defines a list item
<link>                                  Defines the relationship between a document and an external resource (most used to link to style sheets)
<main>                                Specifies the main content of a document
<map>                                 Defines a client-side image-map
<mark>                                Defines marked/highlighted text
<menu>                               Defines a list/menu of commands
<menuitem>                       Defines a command/menu item that the user can invoke from a popup menu
<meta>                                 Defines metadata about an HTML document
<meter>                               Defines a scalar measurement within a known range (a gauge)
<nav>                                   Defines navigation links
<noframes>                        Not supported in HTML5. Defines an alternate content for users that do not support frames
<noscript>                          Defines an alternate content for users that do not support client-side scripts
<object>                              Defines an embedded object
<ol>                                      Defines an ordered list
<optgroup>                        Defines a group of related options in a drop-down list
<option>                             Defines an option in a drop-down list
<output>                            Defines the result of a calculation
<p>                                      Defines a paragraph
<param>                            Defines a parameter for an object
<picture>                           Defines a container for multiple image resources
<pre>                                  Defines preformatted text
<progress>                        Represents the progress of a task
<q>                                     Defines a short quotation
<rp>                                   Defines what to show in browsers that do not support ruby annotations
<rt>                                    Defines an explanation/pronunciation of characters (for East Asian typography)
<ruby>                               Defines a ruby annotation (for East Asian typography)
<s>                                     Defines text that is no longer correct
<samp>                            Defines sample output from a computer program
<script>                           Defines a client-side script
<section>                        Defines a section in a document
<select>                           Defines a drop-down list
<small>                           Defines smaller text
<source>                         Defines multiple media resources for media elements (<video> and <audio>)
<span>                            Defines a section in a document
<strike>                          Not supported in HTML5. Use <del> or <s> instead. Defines strikethrough text
<strong>                         Defines important text
<style>                            Defines style information for a document
<sub>                              Defines subscripted text
<summary>                   Defines a visible heading for a <details> element
<sup>                              Defines superscripted text
<table>                           Defines a table
<tbody>                          Groups the body content in a table
<td>                                 Defines a cell in a table
<textarea>                      Defines a multiline input control (text area)
<tfoot>                            Groups the footer content in a table
<th>                                 Defines a header cell in a table
<thead>                          Groups the header content in a table
<time>                            Defines a date/time
<title>                             Defines a title for the document
<tr>                                 Defines a row in a table
<track>                           Defines text tracks for media elements (<video> and <audio>)
<tt>                                  Not supported in HTML5. Use CSS instead. Defines teletype text
<u>                                   Defines text that should be stylistically different from normal text
<ul>                                  Defines an unordered list
<var>                                Defines a variable
<video>                            Defines a video or movie
<wbr>                               Defines a possible line-break

 

HTML5 New Tags

 

Tag                              Description
<article>                    Defines an article in a document
<aside>                      Defines content aside from the page content
<bdi>                         Isolates a part of text that might be formatted in a different direction from other text outside it
<details>                  Defines additional details that the user can view or hide
<dialog>                  Defines a dialog box or window
<figcaption>          Defines a caption for a <figure> element
<figure>                 Defines self-contained content
<footer>                Defines a footer for a document or section
<header>              Defines a header for a document or section
<main>                  Defines the main content of a document
<mark>                 Defines marked/highlighted text
<menuitem>        Defines a command/menu item that the user can invoke from a popup menu
<meter>                Defines a scalar measurement within a known range (a gauge)
<nav>                    Defines navigation links
<progress>           Represents the progress of a task
<rp>                      Defines what to show in browsers that do not support ruby annotations
<rt>                       Defines an explanation/pronunciation of characters (for East Asian typography)
<ruby>                 Defines a ruby annotation (for East Asian typography)
<section>             Defines a section in a document
<summary>          Defines a visible heading for a <details> element
<time>                  Defines a date/time
<wbr>                   Defines a possible line-break

New Form Elements

Tag                                Description
<datalist>                    Specifies a list of pre-defined options for input controls
<keygen>                     Defines a key-pair generator field (for forms)
<output>                      Defines the result of a calculation

New Input Types

color
date
datetime
datetime-local
email
month
number
range
search
tel
time
url
week
autocomplete
autofocus
form
formaction
formenctype
formmethod
formnovalidate
formtarget
height and width
list
min and max
multiple
pattern (regexp)
placeholder
required
step

 

A Simple Example of HTML Tags used normally

 

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>
<head>
<title> Html Code For Beginners </title>
</head>
<body>
<h1> This is Heading 1 </h1>

<h2> This is Heading 2 </h2>

<h3> This is Heading 3 </h3>

<h4> This is Heading 4 </h4>

<h5> This is Heading 5 </h5>

<h6> This is Heading 6 </h6>

<p>This is a sample paragraph, to show you how to use the P tag. </p>

<table>

<tr>

<th>Student Roll#</th>

<th>Student Marks</th>

<th>Student %</th>

</tr>

<tr>

<!– student 1 –>

<td>123</td>

<td>455</td>

<td>50%</td>

</tr>

<tr>

<!– student 2 –>

<td>124</td>

<td>405</td>

<td>30%</td>

</tr>

</table>

<!– Unordered List Example –>

<h3>This is Unordered List</h3>

<ul>

<li>Student</li>

<li>Marks</li>

<li>Per %</li>

</ul>

<!– Ordered List Example –>

<h3>This is Ordered List</h3>

<ol>

<li>Student</li>

<li>Marks</li>

<li>Per %</li>

</ol>

<!– Form Example –>

<form action=”” method=”post”>

student First name:<br>

<input type=”text” name=”studentfirstname”>  <br>

student Last name:<br>

<input type=”text” name=”studentlastname”>  <br><br>

<input type=”submit” value=”Submit”>

</form>

 

</body>
</html>

Output of the above Example

 

 

out put

 

 

For more examples please follows these sites tutorials and references:

W3.org [ official HTML website ]

Tutorials Point

W3schols.com

There might be others also, you can  google it like in the below screen shot:

 

Html Code For Beginners

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